Linux is the most-used and powerfull operating system, It’s just like Windows and Mac OS X operating system. An operating system is a software that manages all the resources of computer or laptop associated with. In simple language if we say, ” The operating system manages the communications between your hardware and software, without Operating system (OS), the software wouldn’t function or work”. Linux has graphical interface like other operating system and types of software you are using in other operating system.
Features of Linux Operating system as below :
- Open Source
- Multiprocessor Support
- Multithreading Support
- Hierarchical File System
- Graphical User Interface
- Virtual Memory
- Wide Hardware Support
- Dynamically Linked Shared Libraries as well as Static Libraries
- Multiple Virtual Consoles
- Multiple Filesystem Support
- Multiple Networking Protocols (TCP/IP, IPX/SPX, Appletalk, AX.25)
- Strong Security Model – effective security
- Helpful in learning of programming
Difference between Unix and Linux :
You might have heard of Unix, The operating system developed in the 1970s at Bell Labs by Ken Thompson, Dannis Ritchie and other team members. Unix and Linux are almost similar in few many ways, and we can say Linux was originally founded with the based on Unix.
Why and who uses Linux ?
The most people have question who use Linux ? so answer is why you would use the operating system which constantly failing due to viruses, malware, slowness, licensing fees. and why not we use which runs on most devices in the world like Android, Storage devices, Cameras and many more ? So you got my point, It’s free – completely zero cost and you can install it and set any kind of working environment you want to set.
How was founded Linux?
Linux was founded in 1991 by Linus Torvalds, S
What is a Distribution of Linux ?
Linux has so many different version available which we are now used to call “Flavor” so in simple word this version are called “Distribution” or short form, “Distro”. Almost all Linux can be downloaded for free and you can create USB or CD/DVD Drive and install as many computer systems as you like.
The popular Linux distributions as below :
• Linux Mint
• Ubuntu Linux
• Arch Linux
Each distribution has a little different set of Graphical interfaces like Ubuntu uses Unity, Deepi’s Deepin Desktop, where some others are using the same environment like KDE. As we have seen above client environments there are several Server Operating system also available :
The popular Linux distributions for server as below :
• Red Hat Enterprise Linux
• Ubuntu Server
• SUSE Enterprise Linux
From above Red
The Linux is Operating System which has something working behind as below :
Bootloader: Bootloader is managing the boot process of the computer system, In simple language, we can say it starts the operating system after Power Button command and run till the Login screen page comes.
Kernel: The Kernal is
Shell: Shell is nothing but the process of command which control computer system and OS using the command. It’s a mediator between Operating System and Component of the computer system
GUI: GUI is Graphics User Interface which called display system of your computer.
Desktop Environment: This is something that which we are using Graphically and there are many such environments like Unity, GNOME, GDM, Cinnamon, KDE, XFCE, etc.
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