Ping is the utility used to test connectivity status between a source and a destination, which is a very useful tool for computer network administrators. This tool is available in all operating systems which have the capability of the network including
PING stands for “Packet
Here we will see the ping command using linux terminal :
To get a version of Ping installed on your system.
ping [-LRUbdfnqrvVaAB] [-c count] [-m mark] [-i interval] [-l preload] [-p pattern] [-s packetsize] [-t ttl] [-w deadline] [-F flowlabel] [-I interface] [-M hint] [-N nioption] [-Q tos] [-S sndbuf] [-T timestamp option] [-W timeout] [hop ...] destination
|-A||Adaptive ping. Interpacket interval adapts to round-trip time, so that effectively not more than one (or more, if preload is set) unanswered probes present in the network. |
|-b||Allow pinging a broadcast address.|
|-B||Do not allow ping to change the source address of probes. The address is bound to one selected when ping starts.|
|-m mark||use |
|-c count||Stop after sending count ECHO_REQUEST packets. With deadline option, ping waits for countECHO_REPLY packets, until the timeout expires.|
|-d|| Set the SO_DEBUG option on the socket being used. Essentially, this socket option is not used by |
|-f|| Flood ping. For every ECHO_REQUEST sent a period ”.” is printed, while for ever ECHO_REPLY received a backspace is printed. This provides a rapid display of how many packets are being dropped. If |
|-i interval||Wait interval seconds between sending each packet. The default is to wait for one second between each packet normally, or not to wait in flood mode. Only super-user may set |
|-I interface-address||Set source address to specified interface address. The argument may be a numeric IP address or the name of the device. When pinging IPv6 link-local address this option is required.|
|-l preload||If preload is specified, ping sends that many packets not waiting for the reply. Only the super-user may select preload more than 3|
|-L||Suppress loopback of multicast packets. This flag only applies if the ping destination is a multicast address.|
|-n||Numeric output only. No attempt will be made to lookup symbolic names for host addresses.|
|-p pattern||You may specify up to 16 ”pad” bytes to fill out the packet you send.This is useful for diagnosing data-dependent problems in a network. For example, –|
|-D||Print timestamp in form of Unix time & microseconds before each line.|
|-Q tos||Set Quality of Service -related bits in ICMP datagrams. |
|-q||Quiet output. Nothing is displayed except the summary lines at startup time and when finished.|
|-R||Record route. Includes the RECORD_ROUTE option in the ECHO_REQUEST packet and displays the route buffer on returned packets. Note that the IP header is only large enough for nine such routes. Many hosts ignore or discard this option.|
|-r||Bypass the normal routing tables and send directly to a host on an attached interface. If the host is not on a directly-attached network, an error is returned. This option can be used to ping a local host through an interface that has no route through it provided the option -I is also used.|
|-s packetsize||Specifies the number of data bytes to be sent. The default is 56, which translates into 64 ICMP data bytes when combined with the 8 bytes of ICMP header data.|
|-S sndbuf||Set socket sndbuf. If not specified, it is selected to buffer not more than one packet.|
|-t ttl||Set the IP Time-to-Live.|
|-T timestamp-option||Set special IP timestamp options. timestamp-option may be either tsonly(only timestamps), tsandaddr (timestamps and addresses) or tsprespec host1 [host2 [host3 [host4]]] (timestamp prespecified hops).|
|-M hint||Select Path MTU Discovery strategy. hint may be either do (prohibit fragmentation, even local one), want (do PMTU discovery, fragment locally when packet size is large), or dont (do not set DF flag).|
|-U||Print full user-to-user latency (the old behaviour). Normally ping prints network round trip time, which can be different f.e. due to DNS failures.|
|-V||Display version number, and exit.|
|-w deadline||Specify a timeout, in seconds, before ping exits regardless of how many packets have been sent or received. In this case ping does not stop after count packet are sent, it waits either for deadline to expire or until countprobes are answered or for some error notification from network.|
|-W timeout||Time to wait for a response, in seconds. The option affects only timeout in absence of any responses, otherwise ping waits for two RTTs.|
Using the Ping Command
To stop ping command we should have to use ctrl+c otherwise it will keep on sending ping packets.
We can send ping request with option -c if you want to send certain number of ping request use -c
ping -c 5 www.rootlinuxblog.com
Control the size of packets sent:
We can optimize
ping -s 50 -c 5 www.rootlinuxblog.com
Change the interval of time :
The default ping waits for 1 sec to send next packet but we can change this time by using –
ping -i 2 -c 10 www.rootlinuxblog.com
Now, the ping interval will change to 2 seconds.
To get a summary (Only) :
To get a summary about the network, you can use-q option
ping -c 5 -q www.rootlinuxblog.com
Stop ping after certain time use -w option.
ping -w 3 www.rootlinuxblog.com
Ping with MTU discovery:
It is a simple protocol to find out the maximum MTU(Maximum Transmission Unit) a TCP path can take.
ping -c 5 -M want www.rootlinuxblog.com
Ping command will sound a beep to check the host is available ?
$ ping -a www.rootlinuxblog.com
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